| INCISORS or Cutting teeth
- The 8 incisors
are the very front human teeth with rather flat surfaces, a straight sharp horizontal
edge for cutting and biting the food and one long, single, conical root.
- The 4 canine teeth are very strong, pointed
corner teeth for tearing and shredding, placed laterally to each lateral incisor. They are larger and stronger than the incisors.
- The canine tooth morphology is characterized by the large, conical crown which projects beyond the level of the other teeth and one single root, longer than all other human teeth types.
- The upper canine teeth are sometimes called eyeteeth.
PREMOLARS or Bicuspid teeth
- The 8 premolars, used for the chewing
of the food, are placed lateral to and behind the canine teeth,
with a flat upper surface and 1-2 roots. Their crown has two pyramidal eminences or cusps.
MOLARS or Molar teeth
- The 12 molars are the back human teeth.
Molar teeth have a much different tooth morphology with large and flat upper surface and 2-4 roots. Molars is the one of types of teeth with the largest of the permanent teeth, used for the
final chewing and grinding of the food before swallowing. (mola is the
latin word for mill).
- The third molars are also known as wisdom teeth.